If someone can still imagine their life without a microwave or dishwasher, then the washing machine in the modern world is indispensable. It is precious to those who still remember how half a day or even one particular day was devoted to washing (while all family members took part in this long and time-consuming process).
This article will save you time and help you choose the same washing machine optimal in price and quality and best suited to your residence’s conditions and needs.
You will learn:
- what you need to take into account first of all when choosing a “washer”;
- pros and cons of different types of loading;
- how you can determine the quality of the machine without being a professional;
- what new additional modes and functions have modern washing machines;
- which can extend the life of your washing machine;
- a lot of other exciting and helpful information.
If you don’t want to read much, check out this infographic. It shows everything clearly.
How To Choose The Perfect Washing Machine: 10 Easy Steps
First of all, you need to decide on the most critical parameters based on the circumstances.
For example, if you are more concerned about occupied space and a new machine should be placed only where the old one stood, you can say that you already know the device’s the device’s size and type of loading. But are they happy with you? Maybe you should move the device to another place?
When you have made repairs and intend to update the interior thoroughly, the location of the washing machine may worry you more petite than its capacity and energy consumption, especially if you have plenty of space. Then estimate the power, based on the number of people in the family, and decide on the type of loading – vertical or horizontal.
What else can narrow down the selection criteria? For example, the lack of a proper place for drying clothes. In this case, you may be interested in a machine with a drying mode, but if you are looking for the best option for price and quality, then just the cost may not suit you.
Moreover, additional energy is spent on drying, and in some cases, things remain a little wet. It is much cheaper to buy a folding (portable) dryer, put in the room, or a ceiling dryer for a balcony or other suitable space.
Suppose your goal is to create an extraordinary, bright interior and the colour of the machine at the same time plays a significant role. In that case, this also limits your choice – because not every manufacturer offers coloured – red, green, pink, purple, orange and other models.
On the other hand, you can hide the unsightly colour of the machine with the kitchen facade or cabinet in which it will be located. Especially brave can decide on painting, but this is not the most successful solution, given the high humidity and the presence of buttons.
Perhaps you are selflessly devoted to a particular brand, and all your equipment is exclusively its name. Well, that can also make a choice easier.
The amount of free space and a person in the family will lead you to the necessary capacity, then you have to choose the type of download and the essential functions, and the price can play a decisive role. Now we’ll take a closer look at each factor that may matter to you.
Select The Type Of Machine Loading
Whether you want to admire the washing process, how the laundry will be loaded into the car – from the side or from above – is a matter of your habits and preferences. An important factor here is the place for installation.
1. When loading horizontally, you need space to open the door to the side, which can be a problem for small rooms. Plus, to load laundry, you’ll have to bend over or squat.
At the same time, machines with horizontal loading are much cheaper, and the entire upper surface of such a model can be used as an additional shelf – of course, at an acceptable level of vibration.
“Washers” with horizontal loading are cheaper, have a more extensive range, and you can put something on them.
2. From a machine with a vertical load, the shelf will not work, but it can be more compact and roomy, will not take a single extra centimetre, while you can put it on any side.
And most importantly – in such machines, linen can be reported or removed and in the washing process.
Their disadvantages are a relatively small range of sizes and colours. Machines with horizontal loading are more popular, so you can find all the novelties in the functionality in such models.
Important: Do not forget to provide a place to open the door, taking into account the type of loading – it should open smoothly to the end, facilitating loading and unloading and ensuring the machine’s drying. Pay attention to the size of the loading hatch – the larger it is, the easier it will be for you to load and unload laundry.
If your machine has a vertical loading and is expected to stand under a wall cabinet, make sure that it will not be an obstacle. However, it can certainly be hung a little higher.
Built-in Or Free-standing?
A built-in washing machine can be a good solution for small rooms and the only option if your headset is specially designed for it. Hidden by external facades and a door, it will preserve the integrity of the interior and a single colour scheme in your kitchen or bathroom, perfectly performing its functions with this.
In 95% of cases, choose a free-standing machine.
If you are thinking through the design of your kitchen after renovation and are still working on sketches, remember that the washing machine sets the height of the working surface and floor kitchen set. It does not have to be hidden in the headset but can be placed under the countertop, and you can easily find many suitable options.
The disadvantages of cars built into the headset can be called a relatively small selection of models presented on the shelves compared to free-standing ones.
All embedded models have a horizontal load, so if you have a weakness for machines with vertical loading, for its successful use, you will need to slightly modify the headset, ordering or making a hinged top cover.
Important: when choosing a built-in washing machine, do not forget to measure the width and the width and depth of the kitchen set, taking into account pipes and possible ceilings. A compact machine will take up less space, but the laundry in it will fit a little.
Find Out The Necessary Dimensions
What can tell us the size of the washing machine? For example, the fact that the previous device was small or vice versa is significant for you or your family. This will also help determine the indicator of capacity, that is, the maximum weight of linen with each load.
But what if you did not have a car before or your family is expected to replenish? For example, you can familiarize yourself with the recommended parameters based on consumer reviews and miscalculations. The capacity of the machines varies from 3 to 14 kg, while:
- for 1-2 people, washing machines with a maximum load of 4-5 kg are most often suitable, but by the appearance of a child, the volume should be increased to at least 6 kg;
- for 3-4 people it is – 5-7 kg;
- for 5-6 people – 7-9 kg;
- For large families – from 9 kg.
However, this moment is also very individual and may depend, for example, on the number of things in the wardrobe and the time allotted for washing.
Standard sizes of washing machines are shown in this table.
|Height (cm)||Depth (cm)||Width (cm)||Loading (kg)|
|Full-size models with horizontal loading (GZ)||85 – 90||60||60||5 – 7|
|Narrow models (GZ)||85 – 90||35-40||60||3.5 – 5.2|
|Ultra-narrow models (GZ)||85 – 90||35-35||60||3.5 – 4|
|Compact models (GZ)||68 – 70||43 – 45||47 – 50||3|
|Embedded Models (GZ)||82||54 – 58||35 – 60||5 – 7|
|Vertical loading models||85||60||40 – 45||3 – 6|
Important! In the passport of the washing machine, the loading indicator implies the weight of things made of cotton.
To avoid overloading the machine, you can use:
- floor scales, on which you can always put a basket with linen, and then subtract its weight and get the necessary figures;
- table with the average weight of products;
- Conditionally divide the load rate by 2, erasing synthetics, and 4 in washing wool.
Most users know that excessive loading of the drum is undesirable and will affect the quality of washing.
But there is a flip side to the coin.
In many models, a low load of the machine can lead to its incorrect operation and shortening the operating life.
Unexpected, right? In addition, in such cases, electricity and water are irrationally consumed.
But most importantly – each washing machine is designed for a certain number of washes. This figure may be quite prominent, but are 1-2 things worth it to bring the purchase of a new machine closer?
However, there are cars with the “Half load” mode, specially provided for a small number of things.
Note: Before purchasing a giant washing machine, measure all the door openings it will need to fit. You may need to remove the door jambs.
Choose The Efficiency Class
All washing machines are divided according to the efficiency of washing, spinning and energy saving.
In a standard insert, you can find a letter grade three times. A conspicuous rainbow, or rather, a letter standing opposite it, will inform you about the class of energy consumption; in the next paragraph, the notes will tell you about the quality and care of washing, and in the end – about the level of humidity of the washed linen.
The norms of energy consumption are determined by the electricity consumption for 1 hour when washing 1 kg of cotton clothes.
The table shows the indicators of energy consumption and spin quality, corresponding to a particular letter.
|Class||Consumption kW/hour||Humidity level, %|
|А||0,17 – 0,19||Less than 45|
|В||0,19 – 0,23||45 -54|
|C||0,23 – 0,27||45 -54|
|D||0,27 – 0,31||63 – 72|
After 2013, they began to produce more economical cars in terms of energy consumption, which led to subclasses A + and A++ and even A+++.
The recommended classes are A with pluses; however, B and C will be acceptable for drying and spinning.
As in the instructions, you can learn about the energy consumed, the maximum spin speed, capacity, water consumption for one washing cycle, and noise levels during washing on the liner.
Choose The Pace Of Spin
The more revolutions the drum of the washing machine makes in 1 minute, the drier the laundry will be after washing.
Spin rates range from 600 to 1200.
It will be just great if you can adjust it – so you do not spoil delicate things by setting the spin to 400 revolutions and can almost squeeze out blankets or terry sheets at a speed of 1000 revolutions per minute.
To reduce the noise level during spinning, many manufacturers introduce special anti-vibration devices – counterweights located inside the machine or the so-called “ribs” on the side of the machine.
Ribs of a concentric nature dampen vibrations that go to the body of the machine. Besides, you can purchase particular damping legs.
The absorption of noise from the inside and the outside contributes to the plastic tank of the automatic machine, a thick noise insulation layer inside the unit or a particular type of motor, thanks to which the device will not be heard.
Some machines can work in both “noisy” and silent mode, depending on the settings you make. But the silence of the device is always a considerable added value.
Determine The Method Of Management
The washing machine can have mechanical or electronic (intelligent) control. Rotary mechanisms or buttons are used in the automatic method, and the computerized process involves a touch panel.
The first management method is more versatile and suitable for those who do not want or can not understand modern management methods through mechanical machines are much cheaper than electronic ones; they can not boast the same functions.
The screen on electronic machines will show you how long the washing will last and remind you of the selected temperature; it can have many essential data. Engines with intelligent control, if necessary, save the previously made settings, can determine the weight of loaded things, dose the powder or detergent by the amount of linen, independently choose the rate of pressing, etc.
This makes washing more efficient and allows you to use water, detergents, and electricity sparingly. The best washing machines always have many functions and programs – the question is whether you need them all.
Given the balance in price and quality, many will still prefer an inexpensive mechanical model. And do not worry, because, over time, you will already be able to determine by the sounds at what stage of washing the machine is.
And “smart” washing machines have one big drawback – they are much more challenging to repair, because you will need to contact not a familiar master who is well versed in mechanics, but only to a specialist in computerized technology.
Important: when choosing a mechanical machine, consider that rotary mechanisms are less reliable than buttons.
Select The Main Functions
All washing machines can be divided into traditional, present in almost every model, and additional – they have engines of a higher price range and the latest ones that may surprise you.
Universal modes, suitable for most buyers, provide washing:
- cotton and linen products at temperatures up to 95 degrees;
- synthetics – up to 60 degrees;
- wool – up to 40 degrees;
- delicate fabrics – up to 40 degrees;
- some models include modes of washing coloured or white linen.
These are the most necessary programs that every washing machine has, and for a reason – usually, they are pretty enough.
It will be nice if, in addition to the temperature, you can adjust the duration of washing: things that can be called almost clean, you can wash for a short time, and for heavily contaminated laundry to use the maximum time. So you save things, reduce energy consumption and cleanse even the most complex pollution.
To decide what features you need, review your clothes and estimate which fabrics (look at the tags).
Select Additional Features And Get Acquainted With The Novelties
Auxiliary functions include washing:
- with pre-soaking;
- additional rinsing;
- slightly contaminated things (fast);
- with a delay in the start;
- without spin;
- with drying and ironing;
- filthy things;
- blankets and pillows;
- children’s clothing;
- sports shoes.
Be sure to pay attention to the presence of such an option as protection against leaks and floods.
Such protection is provided by the tightness of the case or a particular device, “Aquastop”, which is attached to the machine’s hose. If suddenly it flows, and you are not at home, then the valve “aquastop” will not allow the water to spill, thereby saving your and your neighbour’s apartments from the flood.
When there are small children in the house, it is desirable to have a locking function that does not allow the baby to knock down the settings you set or inadvertently turn on the machine.
Very useful can be called the function of informing about problems or problems: unique icons on the machine’s screen or flashing light bulb will tell you about a particular malfunction or, for example, the need to close the door or open the faucet for water.
Before spinning, the washing machine can independently distribute the laundry in the drum, evenly laying it out over the entire surface – this function is called balancing during spin. Working in this mode, your machine will serve you much longer.
Moreover, modern washing machines have advanced systems for:
- disinfection of things;
- protection against electrical voltage surges;
- air-bubble washing;
- washing with biological detergents with enzymes;
- irrigation washing (shower system);
- control of water transparency after each pressing;
- locking the door of the machine during washing;
- reloading of linen during washing;
- Control the washing process from the phone or computer and other super-functions that do not immediately fit in the head.
When choosing the latest features, be sure to read reviews about such a model in advance to make sure that they will meet both your expectations and costs.
Looking for the best option for price and quality, we understand that we know the price immediately, but the quality will still need to be convinced.
If you put your eyes on an inexpensive and beautiful model but did not find any about it – neither positive nor negative reviews, well – you risk buying a low-quality product.
To choose the best washing machine for the home, try to find it in an offline store and do not spare time for a preliminary inspection, even if you intend to purchase via the Internet.
What questions can I ask the seller when coming to the offline store?
1. Ask whether the drum is made of plastic or metal alloy and whether it has an antibacterial coating if this is important to you. Look inside the machine, carefully examine the drum, turn it. We recommend choosing models with ribbed (hooked) drums. Reviews show that in such devices, linen is washed much better.
2. Ask what material the tank of the machine is made of. It can be metal or plastic, but recently there are increasingly brands with a tank made of high-tech plastic.
3. Be sure to specify all the nuances of installing this model. This is especially true of transport screws, the connection of drains and distances to the walls.
Inspect the exterior of the machine – whether there are anti-vibration notation notations on them. It is better if they are spiral-shaped. Ask what internal mechanisms absorb vibrations and prevent noise.
By extending the life of your machine, you save money on buying new home appliances.
Here are some recommendations that will help you with this:
- use only powders (gels) intended for automatic washing;
- Rinse the detergent compartment regularly;
- monitor the weight of the loaded linen;
- check clothes before washing – in the pockets; there may be both the little things you need that will not survive washing and dangerous items for the machine that may remain in its mechanism;
- as much as possible, straighten things before loading – do not put them in the machine in stacks;
- if there are buttons or zippers on things, it is better to turn them inside out, having previously fastened them – so you will not spoil either the item or the technique;
- at least once a year, check the condition of the hose because, during operation, it is under pressure and can burst even from minor damage;
- Machines with horizontal loading have a relatively gentle seal at the hatch – do not damage it when opening or closing the door. After each wash, such a machine should be wiped, drying the drum and grooves in the sealer, and left for some time with the door open;
Now you know how best to choose a reliable automatic washing machine. We wish you successful acquisitions and long years of service of all your household appliances!