How To Clean A Refrigerator?

Maintaining a machine or appliance is an intricate process that requires technical maintenance, check-up, and thorough cleaning. Moreover, home appliances like a refrigerator need to be cleaned regularly as it is used to store food items and drinks.

In its absence, your food and drinks stand a chance of getting spoiled. But how to clean a refrigerator with proper care? As it is a technical gadget, you need to tread carefully. The following are some of the most effective ways through which you can clean your refrigerator.


Checklist Before Cleaning your Refrigerator

Before you get started with the cleaning process, you need to undergo the following procedures to have a safe and enhanced cleaning experience:

Gather the Cleaning Products

Gather the Cleaning Products

Most of the cleaning products and requirements will be available at your home. To prepare a cleaning spray, mix baking soda and hot water in a 1:7 proportion and pour it in a spraying bottle.

You will also require a clean toothbrush to clean the hard-to-reach places. Besides that, get a clean cloth. If you want to eliminate any odor, you can prepare a solution of white vinegar and water in equal proportions.


Empty your Refrigerator

Empty your Refrigerator

Remove all food items, fruits, vegetables, drinks, etc., from your refrigerator before you get started with the cleaning process. Store them properly to avoid any spoilage.


Unplug your Refrigerator

Even though you don’t necessarily need to unplug your fridge while cleaning unless you’re working with the coils, it is always better to stay on the safe side.


Remove any Removable Parts.

To get an extensive clean refrigerator, you must remove all the shelves and removable compartments. This will allow you to clean some of the hidden crevices and unreachable places.


Methods to Clean your Refrigerator

As a fridge has several compartments, you will be required to clean them separately. To make it easier and quicker for you, we have segregated our methods as per the varying slots.

How to Clean Shelves and Removable Drawer?

How to Clean Shelves and Removable Drawer

Once you have removed all the shelves and drawers, and ice trays, take a dry cloth and remove any crumbs or accumulated dirt. Mix dish soap with hot water and spray it on the shelves and other compartments. Let the solution sit for a few seconds and wipe it clean with a wet cloth. If there are any hard-to-reach places, dip a toothbrush in the solution and clean it thoroughly.

In case you are dealing with stubborn stains, let the shelf in question soak in the solution for a few minutes and scrub it with a non-abrasive scrubber.

Once they appear clean, wash them with clean water and let them dry. Once they have dried up, place them back in the refrigerator. But we advise you only to place them after the entire cleaning process.

Note: If your shelves are made of glass, start cleaning them after waiting for some time to avoid the glass from breaking.


How to Clean the Refrigerator’s Interior?

How to Clean the Refrigerator’s Interior

After cleaning the shelves and drawers, it is time to clean the fridge’s interior. Use the baking soda solution and spray it all over the walls and surfaces of the refrigerator. Do not forget to spray some extra on any stains or dirt.

Let the solution stay for a minute or so, and then clean it with a wet cloth. Cover all the areas and ensure that no place is left behind. Clean the solution and then take a dry cloth to give it a quick cleaning.

If there are any hard-to-reach places, you can utilize a toothbrush or toothpick to clean them. The bottle racks can be cleaned similarly. If they are removable, you can clean them with dish soap as well.

Note: Always start cleaning the fridge from top to bottom.


How to Clean the Door Seals?

Every refrigerator has molded door seals, also known as gaskets, that maintain the temperature inside. In other ways, it retains the coldness and keeps the refrigerator away from the external heat.

These rubber gaskets can be cleaned with dish soap and warm water. Start by cleaning it with a toothbrush. Once you have wiped it down, spray the solution and scrub it gently. Clean it with water and wipe it with a dry cloth.

You can apply a thin coating of petroleum jelly for more durability.


How to Clean the Condenser Coils?

As the condenser coils are not protected by any layer, they can accumulate dirt over time. Before you start cleaning them, ensure that you have unplugged the fridge.

With the help of a vacuum cleaner and its brush attachment, eliminate any dirt or dush from the coils. There are special brushes available for condenser coils in the market. You can get them for better cleaning.


How to Clean the Freezer?

How to Clean the Freezer

After removing all the components, food items, and drinks from the freezer, let it reach room temperature. Clean the walls, surface, and roof with a dry cloth.

Spray the vinegar solution as mentioned above all over the surfaces and let it sit for a few seconds. Take a wet cloth and wipe it clean. Give a quick clean with a dry cloth as well so that the solution is not left behind.


How to Clean the Refrigerator’s Exterior?

Generally, a refrigerator’s exterior has three layers: an interior cabinet made of polystyrene plastic layered over a sheet metal with the outermost layer made of stainless steel or plastic.

As the exterior is exposed to dirt, it can look dull quickly. You can retain its shine by using a clean microfiber cloth and a qualitative cleaning spray.

Apply some cleaning spray over the refrigerator’s exterior and clean it with a cloth. If you see any stairs or smudges, you can also use some rubbing alcohol to get a squeaky-clean look.


How to Clean any Residue?

There could be traces of vegetable oil on the shelves or surfaces. This can be removed by cleaning it with alcohol. Put some amount of alcohol on a clean cloth and rub the surface in question. This will help in removing the stains and residue without excessive elbow grease.

After you are done cleaning with all the fridge’s compartments, let them dry before placing the food items inside.

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Frequently Asked Questions

How often should you clean the fridge?

This depends on the usage. If more people use the refrigerator, there will be more items and more chances of accumulating dirt. But it would be best if you cleaned your fridge every three months to maintain the hygiene levels.


How to eliminate any odors from the fridge?

The cleaning sprays can leave an odor in the fridge. You can prevent your food items from absorbing such smells by placing baking soda at the back of the fridge. Besides, there are several fridge deodorizers available in the market that can work effectively.


Do you need to clean the water dispenser?

As a water dispenser requires a filter to clean the water, you will have to change the filter every now and then. As long as the dispenser’s exterior is concerned, you can clean it with a vinegar solution and a clean cloth.



Cleaning a refrigerator might require your time and effort, but it is necessary to maintain a hygienic surrounding. Ensure that you adhere to the steps thoroughly, and do not forget to unplug before you start cleaning. This can allow you to avoid any accidents or malfunctioning.

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